Noah’s Flood — What Really Happened in History?

Introduction: Noah’s Flood

Noah’s Flood: People trying to escape the Great Flood
Doré’s illustration of Noah’s Flood and people trying to escape, 1866 (PD).

The Great Flood is one of the most iconic elements of Genesis, and arguably of the entire Bible. There are flood myths in numerous cultures. What is the truth of Noah’s Flood? Did it really happen? Did it really cover the entire Earth?

There are many problems with the Flood story, if we take it as a literal, real event. Some problems with the story we will leave for an upcoming article on “The Ark.” Specifically for Noah’s Flood, where did all that extra water come from? A simple calculation shows that the amount of water added to the Earth was greater than all the water currently in the world’s oceans and in the polar ice caps. If the pre-Flood oceans were comparable to those of today, then the Flood more than doubled the volume of the oceans. An equally important question is, where did all the water go when the deed was done?

Or was the Flood only a local event? If it was only a local event, then how could it have handled the corruption of flesh for which God was so concerned?

If the Flood was worldwide, was it salt water, or pure water? If pure, did it mix with the saline water, diluting it? How did fresh water fish survive the Flood, spending months in a much larger, saltwater ocean?

These are the types of concerns to be addressed on this website, though this is only the starting point. Where this discussion leads us is limited only by imagination and a thirst for understanding, but if you leave a comment, please keep the discussion within the scope of the article title.
God’s Purpose for Noah’s Flood

Noah’s Flood: the Ark upon the ocean
Foster Bible Pictures Noah’s Ark, 1897 (PD).

Our primary concern should be to understand God’s purpose for Noah’s Flood. The story is there in Genesis for a reason, but a great many people—those who take the story literally—both Fundamentalists and many atheists—go off the deep end with their interpretation of the event. They miss the big issues. Perhaps the biggest is the fact that the “wickedness and corruption” God sought to eliminate with Noah’s Flood are not the garden variety wickedness and corruption with which we have been familiar throughout our history. This tells us something that most people miss. This is like not seeing the elephant in the room, because it’s been there forever and no one ever mentioned it before.

Using methodical and straightforward logic, plus biblical wisdom, guided by the Holy Spirit, answers have been made available. Are they the correct answers? Perhaps what is far more important is that those who discuss these possible answers achieve the required humility to discuss them openly and honestly—without preconceived notions and a know-it-all attitude that blinds those who hold such a stance.

The Literal Biblical Timeline for Noah’s Flood is All Wrong


Noah’s Flood: Drawing of the Great Wave off Kanagawa
The Great Wave off Kanagawa was not Noah’s Flood, but it remains symbolic of the terrible power of the ocean (PD).

Several biblical timelines have been created by a number of Renaissance and Age of Reason researchers, including timelines by Sir Isaac Newton and Archbishop James Ussher. Ussher’s is perhaps the most famous and most widely quoted. According to Ussher’s biblical timeline, Noah’s Flood occurred 2348 BC. This doesn’t work, because there were too many things going on in history on this date and shortly thereafter.

Egypt’s Sixth Dynasty started three years after this date. Where did all those other people come from, if Noah and his family were supposed to have been the only humans left alive?

Sargon the Great conquered Sumer about thirteen years after this date. Where did all those Sumerians come from?

There are several clues in Genesis that have us use “generations” instead of years, and use the “mark” placed upon Cain and his descendent, Lamech. This “code” or “formula” yields a date of 27,970 BC for Noah’s Flood. And this is exactly when one very specific species went extinct.

The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom: God’s Reason for Noah’s Flood


Noah’s Flood: Tsunami hits modern Sendai, Japan
Tsunami hits modern Sendai, Japan. This is a minor disaster compared to Noah’s Flood. Photo: US Navy (PD).

Genesis tells us that something had threatened God’s purpose. “And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth” (Genesis 6:12, KJV). But what was “His way?” In our modern world, we have a great deal of wickedness, violence and corruption of His way, but no need for another Flood. The kind of wickedness prior to Noah’s Flood was unique and impossible in our modern world.
How do we know this? Because God vowed never again to use the Flood and He was satisfied that the Flood had done its job. What was that job?

God wants us to come to Him. This goal requires a minor amount of intelligence—more than was possible by chimpanzees or Neanderthals.

We were created in God’s image—immortal, non-physical spirit. But He also gave us physical form which he cherished above all other life, because it would allow his spiritual children to gain sufficient knowledge and awareness to accomplish His way upon the Earth. One species threatened that way, and Noah’s Flood was God’s response to that threat.

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom: God’s Reason for Noah’s Flood

This article was originally published 2011:1101 on forum.

Wickedness and Corruption — The True Biblical Meaning in Genesis

Wickedness and Corruption: Introduction

Wickedness and Corruption: Nuclear explosion
Symbol of man’s wickedness and corruption, a nuclear explosion tears into the sky, slicing it in two with the fires of human evil. Photo: US military (PD).

What were the wickedness and corruption mentioned in Genesis 6? Why is this important? Because it cannot be the garden variety wickedness and corruption of our modern world. In fact, every bad thing Man has done since the Flood was not bad enough to warrant another Flood. God knew it wouldn’t be. That’s why he promised never again to use the Flood. But what was the crime prior to the Flood?

Genesis 6 describes this as a corruption of the flesh and that the Earth was filled with violence because of it. But Hitler murdered six million Jews. Stalin murdered seven million Ukrainians. And Pol Pot murdered countless thousands of his own people merely because they were educated or for some other equally insane justification. Man has achieved levels of violence that boggle the imagination, so the Flood could not have been merely because of violence.

It would seem that the wickedness and corruption prior to the Flood are qualities that Man cannot repeat in today’s world. So, what is Man incapable of doing today, that he was able to do before the Flood?

These are the types of concerns being addressed in this article, though this is only the starting point. Where this discussion leads us is limited only by imagination and a thirst for understanding, but if you respond, please keep the discussion within the scope of the article title.

Garden Variety Violence, Wickedness and Corruption

 Wickedness and Corruption: Nazi death camps, BASF, Bayer
Jews in Nazi concentration camp, victims of pharmaceutical company greed. Both Bayer and BASF helped to kill 60 million in WW2. Lots of wickedness and corruption, but no new Flood.

How much violence wickedness and corruption have there been in the last thirty thousand years? I would say, everything known to man and then some. And yet, all of this was insufficient to warrant another Flood.

In fact, God knew that He wouldn’t need the Flood ever again. The Flood had cured humanity of some unknown problem. This implies very strongly that the wickedness, violence and corruption of flesh which prompted the Flood were not the garden variety evil which humanity has perpetrated for the last several millennia.

Garden variety evil? This is not to soft peddle the very real horrors men have done to their fellow men, women and children. War and other atrocities are the stuff of nightmares, certainly. But the Flood did not cure these.
These were “okay” compared to the crime addressed by the Flood.

Perhaps we can learn something of the nature of that elusive crime by reviewing what the garden variety evils look like.

Garden-Variety Violence

World War II alone resulted in something like 70 million deaths! Of all of the known war dead throughout history, the count remains far higher than half a billion. That sounds like madness. Add to this the billions who have suffered from other forms of violence—torture, spousal abuse and forms too numerous to mention.

As bad as all this violence seems to us, it was insufficient to prompt God for a worldwide cleansing.

Garden-Variety Wickedness

This term is somewhat more vague. What does “wickedness” mean to you? In the vernacular of modern times, “wicked” can also mean something wonderful. Imagine that! Show a person from the right generation something that tantalizes their imagination and tickles their sense of fun and “Wicked!” might well be their response.

Okay, this is not the kind of wickedness we’re talking about. Here, we mean something which goes against social mores and laws. Have some people ever been wicked? Of course they have, otherwise we wouldn’t have the word to describe their behavior. What kinds of wickedness are we talking about? These could include adultery, any form of violence, theft, greed, lust, gluttony, and any of the remainder of the so-called seven deadly sins.

All of these kinds of wickedness have been done by humanity throughout its history. And it seems that it may be getting worse. Certainly, such behavior is becoming more open. Even in the movies, they’re openly saying “wicked is good.”

Garden-Variety Corruption of Flesh

Of the three terms mentioned in Genesis 6, “corruption of flesh” is perhaps the least understood. What could this mean? Tattoos? Body piercing? Pleasure diseases?

Somehow, I don’t think Genesis 6 was talking about any of these.

Beyond Garden-Variety Evil

God brought about the Flood, or whatever the biblical event symbolized, for His own reasons. Forget human definitions of violence, wickedness and corruption of flesh. One very specific form of these occurred prior to the Flood and was cured by that event. In other words, God’s definition of violence, wickedness and corruption have not happened again since the Flood.

So, what was important to God? What was being jeopardized by the evil before the Flood? What was the crime committed by humanity? But remember, it wasn’t any of the “garden variety” evil to which humanity has become so accustomed.

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom

This article was originally published 2012:0121 on forum.

Out-of-Place — Clues to Wisdom Hidden in Genesis

Out-of-Place: Secretary with AK-47 on her desk
Nothing could be more out-of-place than an AK-47 on the desk of a secretary at the National Cancer Institute. Photo of secretary: Bill Branson (PD), photo of AK-47: Allatur (CC BY-SA 3.0).

What does “out-of-place” mean? Consider the desk of an insurance company secretary of one of the mid-level execs. Prominently displayed in the middle of her desk is an AK-47 assault weapon and several clips for ready use. Typically, one would think such “equipment” does not belong in such an establishment. These might be found on the desk of a non-commissioned officer at a military base. Perhaps a desk is the wrong place for this, but such a weapon found at an army base is not entirely out-of-place. A large pink teddy bear on the officer’s desk would seem very much out-of-place.

What passages in Genesis seem out-of-place? They would interrupt the flow of the verses around them. Can you find any?

Genesis 6 is a history lesson leading up to the worst disaster in humanity’s past—the Flood. Genesis 6:2 speaks of the sons of God choosing from the daughters of men for their wives. Genesis 6:3 jumps to a far broader perspective about God’s relationship to Man and about limiting Man’s number of years to 120. Genesis 6:4 continues the history lesson as if Genesis 6:3 were not there. The third verse in this chapter seems out-of-place, interrupting the flow of everything around it. This calls attention to itself. But for what purpose? Is it trying to tell us something?

These are the types of concerns to be addressed on this website, though this is only the starting point. Where this discussion leads us is limited only by imagination and a thirst for understanding, but here, if you respond, please keep the discussion within the scope of the article title.

What Else in Genesis Seems Out-of-Place?

This trait—that a passage might have something about it that seems out-of-place—was used to discover a code in Genesis.

Another such passage that seemed somewhat out-of-place was that of Genesis 5:2, but here for a different reason. This did not interrupt an ongoing narrative. Instead, it interrupted an identity. Genesis 2 and 3 talk about Adam in the Garden. Genesis 5 starts out talking about Adam, but verse 2 doesn’t discuss Adam as an individual, but as a group. “Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created” (Genesis 5:2, KJV).

Here, we see Adam being talked about as a “them” and a “they” so that “their” name was Adam. This clue opens the door to the possibility that the outrageous ages of the early patriarchs may not be so outrageous if they refer to eponymous tribes, rather than their original founders.

Science has evidence to show us that humans have lived on this planet for at least 200,000 years. If Adam was the first human, then the ages of the earliest patriarchs are too short! In other words, the unbelievable age of Methuselah, at 969 years, is not long enough to give us an age compatible with physical reality. There are other clues in Genesis which resolve this dilemma. I discuss them at great length in my book, The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom: God’s Reason for Noah’s Flood.

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom

This article was originally published 2011:1101 on forum.

New Genesis Timeline — Biblical Secret that Explains Some of Science’s Mysteries

Introduction: New Genesis Timeline

New Genesis Timeline: Atomic bomb mushroom cloud.
An atomic bomb mushroom cloud over Nagasaki, August 9, 1945. This is a symbol of science’s deadly accuracy. Photo: Charles Levy, US Army (PD).

In order to find a common ground between the Bible and science, we need to understand the intent of Genesis. Why place the burden on Genesis? Because science has been proven to be accurate, to a large degree.

Our civilization runs because science works. Science has found and understood the inner workings of nature. To be sure, science is not perfect, but it is pretty close to it. If the nuclear scientists who worked on the bomb during World War II had been off by a significant amount, they could have blown up the world. At one point, they were worried that they might do just that.

The burden is on Genesis, because most interpretations of the Bible’s first book do not match the timelines of science.The meaning is clear: if the Bible is accurate with regard to the timelines of Man and the universe, then we need a new interpretation.

What is needed in such an interpretation? What guidelines should we use? What clues are there for the formation of a new timeline? What justification is there for using such clues?

The timeline shown on this website (the new Genesis Timeline), gives 27,970 BC for Noah’s Flood, and 10,454,130 BC for the beginning of humanity (Adam). Though science has little or nothing to say about a date for the Flood, the date for Adam is at least compatible with the minimum duration of humanity given to us by anthropology. Science may yet find far older bones.

However, beyond the Flood mentioned in Genesis, the intent of the Flood has evidence in science. The new Flood date coincides with the extinction of a species described in Genesis 6 as the “daughters of men.”

What is wrong with this timeline? What is right about it?

These are the types of concerns to be addressed by this website, though this is only the starting point. Where this discussion leads us is limited only by imagination and a thirst for understanding, but please keep any discussion here within the scope of the title.

Clues to a New Genesis Timeline

 New Genesis Timeline: Edgar Cayce, 1910
Edgar Cayce was called the “sleeping prophet.” His clairvoyant readings made many outlandish claims about the Bible and the past of humanity. Some of them have been proven incredibly accurate. Photo: Source unknown, 1910 (PD).

In the late 1990s, I was working as database department manager at a software services company for the automotive industry. One of the guys on my team was Jewish and fascinated with Jewish philosophy—the Kabbalah. I had heard of it, but knew little about it.

I told him how I was writing a novel about Atlantis and that some of my research had turned up some interesting discoveries in Genesis.

I mentioned how I had found two dates in the works of Edgar Cayce—a devout Christian and early-20th-century clairvoyant. Both of these dates related to events found in Genesis. Cayce gave 28,000 BC as the date of Noah’s Flood and 10.5 million BC as the date of a meeting between tribes in the earliest era of humanity’s past. I had found the Flood date to be intriguing, but balked at the 10.5 million BC date. It seemed impossible.

How did this second date relate to Genesis? Simple. If an event in earliest humanity occurred 10.5 million years ago, and Adam was the first human, then humanity is at least 10.5 million years old.

I had already found many curiosities in Genesis, not the least of which was a marked similarity between the names of Genesis 4 and Genesis 5. I had drawn a chart of those names and the pattern of similarities which seemed to be one-for-one, except a crisscross in the middle.

My Jewish associate told me that in ancient Jewish tradition, a man marked his life in thirds—the first third for his parents and their family, the second third for his wife and his own family, and the third portion for God and spiritual growth. He wanted to know if I’d be interested in borrowing some books on the Kabbalah. Naturally, I jumped at the opportunity.

When he presented me with the books, the pattern on the cover of one of them shocked me. Why? Something about it looked hauntingly familiar. This was the Kabbalah’s “Tree of Life”—a vertical matrix of circular nodes and lines connecting them. As I later found out, each node represents a quality, like wisdom. After I got home with my new reading material, I realized why it had looked familiar. My hand-drawn chart of similarities between the names of Genesis 4 and 5 looked very much like this “Tree of Life.” Could the Kabbalists have hidden this wisdom in Genesis unbeknownst to the mainstream Jewish traditionalists?

After months of continuing research, I would discover how true this insight might be. Not only did I find the exact pattern of how the names fit within this tree, I found other clues in Genesis 4 and 5 which cinch the link, including numeric clues—clues which also yield the new Genesis timeline and one that surprisingly matches Cayce’s dates to within 1% of his rounded approximations.

These discoveries gave new meaning to God’s apparent protection of a murderer and a liar (Cain). They gave new meaning to the apparently outrageous longevity of the early patriarchs. And that link between Genesis 4 and 5 yielded that new timeline.

Science has been bashed and ridiculed by religious fundamentalists, but such harsh treatment seems only to be arrogance. For the Bible is truth, but interpretation is not. Science is close to truth and to disrespect it is to court delusion. The solution is humility; not more science bashing.

Science says that humanity is at least 200,000 years old and that the universe is roughly 13.7 billion years old. The age of humanity means that Archbishop Ussher’s timeline is far too short. Methuselah and his relatives have ages which are too short! His 969 years has been hard enough to swallow, but imagining an individual living many thousands or even millions of years proves to be beyond credibility. Genesis 5:2 offers a potent clue: “Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.” Here, Adam is a group—both male and female—a “they” and a “them.”

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom

This article was originally published 2012:0317 on forum.

Adam and Eve — Who Were They, Really?

Adam and Eve being tempted in the Garden.
Adam and Eve being tempted in the Garden. Painting: Peter Paul Rubens, 1628 (PD)

Who were Adam and Eve? What were they? Were they Homo sapiens?

Genesis seems to describe them as human, yet God tells Adam that he will surely die on the day he eats from the tree of the fruit of knowledge of good and evil. And Adam lives for 930 years, according to Genesis 5. If Adam and Eve did not have children in the Garden, then Cain, Abel and Seth would have been born after their parents had been expelled. Seth was born when Adam was 130 years old, so Adam lived at least 800 years after he left the Garden. So, what died on the day he ate the fruit?

The consensus seems to be that Adam died spiritually. So was Eden only a spiritual garden? Was Adam only in spiritual form?
These are the types of concerns to be addressed by this website, though this is only the starting point. Where this discussion leads us is limited only by imagination and a thirst for understanding, but if you comment, please keep the discussion within the scope of the title.

Adam and Eve, Spirit or Flesh?

In the Garden, Adam and Eve were in spirit form only. All of the descriptions of physicality were metaphor only.

That’s my current take on Genesis. Why do I think this?

First of all, God tells Adam that he would die on the day he ate of the tree of knowledge of good and evil. But both Adam and Eve did not literally, physically die on that day. Both were escorted out of the Garden and Adam, according to Genesis 5, lived to the ripe old age of 930.

So, in the Garden, Adam and Eve were the individuals created in Genesis 1:26—created in the image and likeness of God. In other words, they were non-physical, spiritual and potentially immortal sources of creation. Essentially, this makes them baby gods or angels. Jesus, in the New Testament, reinforces this notion when he reminds his enemies of what is written in their Law—that “ye are gods” (John 10:34). Christ’s reference to Psalm 82:6-7 seems to go beyond the use of this label to mere magistrates. After all, his enemies were about to stone him for blasphemy. They had misunderstood his claim that he and the Father were one to be a claim of being God Himself. But the oneness of which Jesus spoke was the harmony of purpose that only faith can carry. The magistrates of Psalms had abused their power and yet were still called “gods.”

Some of my friends refuse to believe that we are baby gods. Perhaps it is their humility. And that is a good thing. Those without humility would abuse their abilities if they had the chance, but humility is required to develop them. Spiritual maturity requires humility. But our mandate is to use those abilities and to become more and more like God. As we do this, we move closer and closer to Him. Christ repeated the idea that the miracles attributed to him were really the faith of the individuals who received the gift. This is what Adam and Eve gave up when they left the Garden.

Both of the trees mentioned were also spiritual and not physical. To the Jewish group, Kabbalists, the “Tree of Life” is a conceptual matrix of nodes (Sephirot). The “female” half of this tree descends from God (“crown”) and the “male” half ascends back toward God. These nodes have meanings like “wisdom,” “understanding,” “kindness,” “beauty,” “foundation” and others.

So, what of the other tree—the one bearing the forbidden fruit? This is covered in more detail in the “Forbidden Fruit” article. But quite simply, this one is also non-physical consisting of dichotomies like good-evil, right-wrong, generous-selfish, compassion-indifference, confidence-doubt and many others.

If Adam and Eve were spirit in the Garden, then they seemed to have been very physical on Earth. Genesis 5:2 gives us an unexpected perspective. Here it tells us that Adam is a group of both male and female. Thus Adam in Genesis 5 seems to be not only an individual, but an eponymous tribe, too. Could Adam in the Garden have been all of us, spiritually? Half of us?

What are your thoughts on this?

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom

This article was originally published 2012:1212 on forum.

What Was the Tree of Life in the Garden of Eden?

Tree of Life: Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden
Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden with the Tree of Life and the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil. Painting: Lucas Cranach the Elder, 1530 (PD).

In Genesis, the Tree of Life is the source of everlasting life, and God sends Man from the Garden so that he will not have this after also having the knowledge of good and evil. But what is this tree, really?

In the Kabbalah (the Jewish science of nature), the Tree of Life is a symbol—a network of connected nodes. Each node has meaning, like wisdom or compassion. There are various paths between the nodes and these have meaning, too. How is this Tree of Life related to the Tree of Life which exists in the Garden? Is it the same?

Genesis 3 ends with the words, “Tree of Life.” It is perhaps by design that the following two Genesis chapters (4 and 5) contain the Kabbalah’s Tree of Life. The Genesis Code discussed on this website, and in the book, The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom, reveals this symbol embedded in these two chapters. Why would such an important concept be hidden in Genesis? What is the purpose of this Tree of Life? What is its relation to the “everlasting life” discussed by Jesus?

Why is the “Tree of Life” Hidden in Genesis?

Kabbalists’ Tree of Life with one additional node
To the Kabbalists who wrote the Bible, the Tree of Life is a pattern of attributes. Drawing: Eliyak (PD).

Genesis 3 introduces the “Tree of Life”—a source of immortality or “everlasting life.” Jesus talks of this “everlasting life” saying that we need to give up our lives in order to gain it. This immortality is the subject of another topic on this website. Here, I’m interested in exploring the significance of the “Tree of Life.”

Jesus didn’t talk about this “Tree of Life” during his ministry. He didn’t say we need to seek it out to gain the everlasting life promised us. And certainly it seems clear that that this “tree” is not a physical plant, just as the forbidden fruit was not physical plant material and just as Adam and Eve did not suffer a physical death.

The Kabbalah includes a “Tree of Life” in its teachings. This consists of ten nodes in a matrix pattern. Sometimes, this includes an 11th node called, “Da’at,” but this is only when another node is withdrawn, so the number always remains ten.

In Genesis, “Tree of Life” is Etz Chaim. The Tree of Life article in Wikipedia tells us that this is “a common term used in Judaism. The expression, found in the Book of Proverbs, is figuratively applied to the Torah itself. Etz Chaim is also a common name for yeshivas and synagogues as well as for works of Rabbinic literature. Further, it is also used to describe each of the wooden poles to which the parchment of a Sefer Torah is attached.”

The Wikipedia article also says of “Etz Chaim” (“Tree of Life”) that it is “figuratively applied to the Torah itself: ‘It [the Torah] is a Tree of Life to those who cleave to it.’“

Thus, this everlasting life seems to be the purpose of it all. Every biblical word, every story, every idea in the Bible has but one purpose—our own reclaiming of everlasting life.

The “Tree of Life” is also mentioned in Revelations in three places: Revelation 22:2, 19, and,

“Whoever has ears, let them hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God” (Revelation 2:7).

“Etz Chaim” are the last two words of Genesis 3—the chapter where Adam and Eve were escorted out of the Garden. The fact that the Kabbalah’s “Tree of Life” pattern is to be found embedded in Genesis 4 and 5 seems to make a pointer out of those last two words of Genesis 3.

Here is the “Tree of Life” found in Genesis 4 and 5:

Tree of Life: One half found in Genesis 4, the other in Genesis 5
One half of the Tree of Life is found in Genesis 4 and the other half is found in Genesis 5. The first shows the descending path from God. The second shows the return path toward God. Drawing: Rod Martin, Jr. ©. Click on the image to view full size.

Why Hidden?

We find clues throughout the Bible. Each one of these clues makes clear the importance of humility. We find it in the humble sacrifice of Abel, but not in that of his brother, Cain. We find it in the obedience of Abraham when he takes Isaac into the wilderness to be sacrificed. We find it in the lessons of Jesus when he tells us what he doesn’t like about the behavior of the Pharisees.

But we also find clues in human nature. When someone is certain they know the answers, they stop looking. That certainty can be “arrogance” or it can be “faith.” What’s the difference? Humility is the difference between arrogance and faith. When a scientist assumes that they know it all (and some do), they are being arrogant. They won’t find new answers. Finding new answers requires humility—an openness to receive something new.

If humility is the key to the “Tree of Life,” and humility is required to find answers hidden in the Bible, then one can be certain that a great deal of wisdom has been hidden in this Holy Book in order to elicit a never-ending flood of humility.

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom

This article was originally published 2011:1223 on

Man — His Creation and Purpose

Introduction: Man — Who We Are

Man: Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam
The creation of man as envisioned by Michelangelo, touching the hand of God to receive the spark of life. Painting: Michelangelo (PD).

Man—that’s who we are—Homo sapiens. But is there something more? What about the mind? Is that only part of the physical brain? And what about ego?

Every religion talks of a non-physical aspect of Man. This is the spirit or soul. Frequently, this is talked about as an immortal component.

The first part of Genesis 1:26 speaks of Man created in the image of God. There have been many interpretations of this. The first part of Genesis 1:27 repeats this idea, talking about “him” (Man), yet the second part talks of “them” (male and female). What do these mean?

What is the “image” of God? Physical or non-physical? Mortal or immortal? At the effect of creation or the source of creation? And defining the “image” of God, how much of this pertains to Man?

In John 10:34, Jesus answers his enemies who wish to stone him, “Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?” What does this mean? In the passage before this, the Jews confronting Jesus, explain their intent, “The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.” So, why would Jesus reply the way he did? He is repeating a passage from Psalms (82:6). The judges of old were representatives of God, but the language does not describe them in this fashion. They are not labeled “representatives of the most high,” but labeled as “gods.”

If each of us is not currently a god in the flesh, as it has been said of Jesus and the judges of old, then is it possible for us to become such? What needs to happen for us to become like Jesus? Did Peter almost attain this state when he briefly walked on water with his Master?

The Spiritual Nature of Man

Man: Da Vinci’s drawing, Vitruvian Man
Leonardo Da Vinci explored in this drawing the perfection of man’s physical form. But there is no way he could capture the spiritual aspect of man. Drawing: Leonardo Da Vince, Photo: Luc Viatour (PD).

There have been many tales of miracles from all over the world and for hundreds, if not thousands, of years.

Those who say that the “age of miracles” is over are wrong. They merely haven’t looked in the right places. Those who perform miracles usually do this in remote locations and out of the “public eye.” This likely has more to do with their personal preference of relative solitude in pursuit of their spiritual goals.

And yet, I have witnessed a minor miracle that affected rush-hour traffic on one of the busiest streets in the world. It affected close to 2,000 automobiles and their drivers. The effect—quite literally—was exactly like that of Moses parting the sea. It was an impossibility by all reasonableness. But isn’t that the nature of a miracle? It transcends reason.

How can a miracle ever happen? Because it comes from the source of creation. Creation sets the foundation upon which logic and reason are built. Creation establishes the fabric of reality.

How could any one of us perform such a miracle? Because within us is a spark of the Creator Himself. Only when we awaken that spark—that child of God—can we access the power of creation.

Man in the Image of God

That is a side of man which is rarely seen. Most churches seem devoid of it. This side of man is that which was created in the “image and likeness” of God.

God is a non-physical being. He is immortal spirit and the source of all creation. And He has given each of us that gift. We are each non-physical, spiritual and immortal sources of creation—or at least potentially so.

It amazes me that so many religious folk act as though their human body is what is important. God cares little for the Homo sapiens bodies we wear. They are important only to achieving the spiritual reawakening needed in order to return to the Heavenly Father.

There is also so much mystery and confusion about the Holy Trinity. But the idea is simple, really. Consider the relationship of the President, Vice President and citizens of a country. God is President of all the universe, the Son is Vice President, and the Holy Ghost represents all of the citizens. For any one individual, there is only one Holy Ghost—the Holy Spirit, soul or true self.

The Ego of Man is the Barrier to Salvation

Man: Michelangelo’s statue of David
Michelangelo also explored the perfection of man in this sculpture of young David before he was made king of Israel. Sculpture: Michelangelo, Photo: Rico Heil (CC BY-SA 3.0).

So many problems come to us in this world. They create great suffering. But if we look closely at each one, we will find ego behind them all.

Ego is the “pretender.” Ego is the “false self” that tries to make us think we are it. This makes it very hard to get rid of this evil monster. We feel as though we are killing ourselves if we give up ego. And didn’t Jesus say that those who try to save their lives will surely lose them? We need to give up ego in order to gain everlasting life. But how? Humility is the key. Combined with unshakable confidence (faith), love and responsibility, one shifts their personal viewpoint from the imperfect, physical portal to which we’ve grown so accustomed, toward the perfection of immortal spirit fully awakened.

Miracles prove our spiritual nature. A mere cog in the machine could not change the machine in that way. Walking on water, parting the sea, healing the sick with a touch, and many other such miracles prove the existence of an agency which transcends physical law. The fact that such acts were intended, rather than unexpected, shows that miracles are acts of creation rather than freak accidents.

Why We Are Here?—The Purpose of Man

The Kabbalists who wrote the Bible compare Man in the image of God as a hand (God) and the imprint of the hand in mud (Man). Thus, Man is a receiver to God’s giving nature. Man is not yet fully like God, but he can be. All it takes is the decision to give up selfishness and to be infinitely generous like God. This is the difficult hurdle we must cross. And the reality of this is repeated so much in scripture. When Christ talks about giving up our lives so that we can live, he’s talking of this. When he says that the first shall be last and the last, first, he is talking of this. When he said that we can do the miracles he did and even greater things, he is talking of this.

There are many other examples that prove the spiritual nature of man, but these are sufficient to start any discussion on the topic. What are your thoughts on Man, who we are and why we’re here?

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom

This article was originally published 2012:0127 on forum.

How Critical Thinking Can Help Us See Deeper Into Scripture

Critical Thinking: After all critical thinking had been exhausted, Pilate presents Jesus to the crowds.
Behold the man. Painting: Ecce homo by Antonio Ciseri (1821-1891) (PD).

Jesus taught with tough parables which made his audience think. They were brain twisters.

Today, so many Christians think they have it all figured out. They cannot see themselves learning anything new about scripture. But this is misguided. How?

First Fact of Critical Thinking

First of all, look at the fact that there are dozens and dozens of denominations, each with their own special way of looking at the doctrines of Christianity. This should tell you something quite troubling right away. With so much disagreement on the meaning of Christian teachings, someone is going to be wrong. This should not frighten us. Being wrong comes with being human. This should only help us to become more humble.

Ironically, too many believers stop short of actual humility. They insist that their interpretation is the right interpretation. Some even go so far as to say that their version isn’t even an interpretation. They miss the very real fact that every word they read is interpreted by their own mind, beliefs, learning, and attitudes. This arrogance blinds them from learning anything new.

Second Fact of Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking: Sermon on the Mount.
Christ’s teachings required critical thinking and the Holy Spirit. Painting: Sermon On The Mount by Carl Heinrich Bloch (1834-1890) (PD).

Second, no one knows all that God knows, so for someone to pretend that they have nothing left to learn ignores the stark fact that they are not omniscient. They are not God. Yet, their unwillingness to learn, or even to discuss, betrays their implied claim to being all-knowing on the topic of the Bible.

I’ve had some Christian scholars tell me that God made the Bible easy to understand so that it could reach more people. From one viewpoint, I have to agree with them. From the viewpoint of the Holy Spirit, full of grace, humility, and unconditional love, everything in the Bible is truly simple.

Most people, though, are not full of the Holy Spirit, so they are blind to its meaning.

Those very same scholars had no love for me, no humility to learn or to share, no grace to treat others interested in Christ with respect. In fact, one biblical literalist group through LinkedIn kicked me out of their tiny group, within a few short hours, without discussion. My ideas were too radical and they didn’t have the patience to discuss them with me. It seems doubly ironic that some can profess to follow Christ, but not do anything in a manner resembling what our Lord did in his time on Earth.

I have seen dozens of miracles, but still know that I have a great deal to learn. I have found secrets which had lain hidden in the Bible for thousands of years, and know that I have barely scratched the surface of its true, spiritual meaning.

Good Critical Thinking

The first precept of good critical thinking is to question everything. Christ said that there would be corruption in the teachings. He warned us that there would be wolves in sheep’s clothing. Yet, so many think that they could not be what Christ had described. They are above such frailties. But are they really?

I know that I have a long way to go. I fear that I have not yet understood enough. And I have come so very far from biblical literalism.

The biblical scholars I mentioned earlier were certain that the Bible was written to be easy, but Christ warned that broad is the way that leads to destruction. Easy? Destruction! Why don’t they see something this simple?

One reason for their failure to see this simple idea is that they do not use the first precept of critical thinking: to question everything. And by “everything,” it means to include one’s own beliefs and knowledge. By questioning everything, we are practicing humility—we are putting ourselves and our beliefs last, so that we can become first.

Ego always wants to be first or “right.” But self-righteousness is the arrogance which blinds us to the Holy Spirit.

New Course on Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking: CTA course imageBecause there seems to be such a shortage of good critical thinking, I have created a course on the subject. This course—Critical Thinking Academy—is hosted at The current cost is $20, but those who buy from my own publishing company, Tharsis Highlands, can get the course for 25% off—$15 (save $5).

This topic means a great deal to me. I will be adding new modules as time allows, but the basics are already there. Each module will include a test case with popular claims. Then each key claim will be examined with critical thinking to test it for accuracy and truthfulness.

The first module is on the popular topic of “climate change.” I want to know, though, what topics you would want covered in this Critical Thinking Academy. Please let me know your thoughts on this.

This article was originally published 2016:0515 on

What Does Salvation Mean?

What Does Salvation Mean
Christ in Gethsemane, praying to the Heavenly Father. He knew the answer to our question: What does salvation mean? His act of sacrifice was the perfect work of love, with humble confidence and perfect responsibility. Painting: Heinrich Hofmann, 1886 (PD).

What is the meaning of “Salvation?” What exactly is it that is saved? And saved from what, to what? When we ask, “What does salvation mean,” we should be interested in deeper answers, because the topic is vitally important. Some might say that it is our immortal soul that is saved, but there are some strange ideas about what the soul truly is. Some might say that we are saved from evil or the fires of hell. But what exactly is “evil” and what are the “fires of hell?”

In other words, we want answers we can understand in meaningful, visceral terms that relate to who we are and why we’re here.

Jesus talks of “everlasting life.” Genesis speaks of the “Tree of Life” found in the Garden of Eden giving everlasting life. And the Genesis Code described on this website includes a symbolic “Tree of Life” embedded in Genesis 4 and 5. What do these have to do with salvation? We need to understand these things in order to answer the question,“What does salvation mean?”

Did Noah’s Flood have anything to do with salvation? Could karma and reincarnation be related to our paths toward salvation?

What does the Forbidden Fruit have to do with salvation, if anything?

If Homo sapiens has existed for 10.5 million years as the children of God, as Genesis seems to imply, then why would salvation take so long to accomplish? Could there be an inherent difficulty in salvation? Could this difficulty be why Jesus came to Earth to help us out?

Does Jesus answer the question, What does salvation mean?

What Does Salvation Mean: praying hands.
Praying hands symbolize our desire for salvation, even if we don’t clearly picture what that means. Drawing: Albrecht Dürer (PD).

Jesus had a habit of using parables to teach. He wanted his audience to struggle toward understanding. He didn’t always say things plainly, because he wanted those who listened to work mentally. Lazy thoughts can lead to poor understanding or wrong understanding. And that’s one very good reason why the Bible was written in code to hide its wisdom. Anyone can learn the code, but it takes work. It takes a desire for the answers.

Some Christians think that merely performing a ceremony of “acceptance” of Jesus as their personal savior will automatically save them. One Christian told me that he was now free to do anything he wanted, for he was now saved and his salvation was permanent. Yet, the flaw in his logic is this: he wants to follow Mammon, but professes that he is following Christ. He wants to be “off the hook” for his crimes yet uncommitted. And Christ said that you can only follow one master.

Some Christians say that you cannot receive salvation through works. While this is true, it is not a license to become slovenly. Following Christ involves work. While it’s true that salvation does not come from some deed, it comes from a change of heart. If that change is true, then the individual will feel compelled to work. What kind of work? The same kind that Christ did. The “off the hook” Christian could never answer the question, “What does salvation mean,” because he didn’t have a clue what salvation meant.

Salvation is not selfishness. Salvation is not a quick and easy, “Get out of Hell” ticket for mouthing a few words. Salvation is all about keeping your True Self—the immortal child of God within—alive, even when the body dies. It’s about giving up your “self” (ego, source of self concern) so that you can give to others with a generous heart.

So, what does salvation mean? It means “following Christ.” It means that you take 100% responsibility for everything that happens to you. It means that you love others unconditionally, never needing anything in return. It means that you approach the world with perfect confidence, but utter humility. When you do these things, you are truly following Christ and doing good works—not to gain salvation, but to live the salvation you have gained.

I discuss these four traits in greater depth in my book, The Art of Forgiveness.
And I discuss God’s real reason for Noah’s Flood in my book, The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom.

A shorter form of this article was originally published 2011:1101 on forum.

Daughters of Men — Unraveling the Mysteries of Genesis 6

Daughters of Men: Neanderthal man and woman.
A Neanderthal man and woman as they might have appeared, 100,000 years ago. Were they the “daughters of men?” Photo: Frank Vincentz (bkgd), UNiesert (foregd), Abuk Sabuk (montage) (CC BY-SA 3.0).

Genesis 6 introduces a group which appears only once in the entire Bible—the daughters of men. Who were they?
Why does Genesis use such strange wording concerning them and the sons of God? For instance,
“And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them” (Genesis 6:1).
Did not men also have sons?

The article on “Sons of God“ raised the idea that the “sons” may have been immortal spirit wrapped in Homo sapiens flesh. So, the distinction of gender may merely have been a smoke screen, hiding a more profound truth. If the “sons” were Homo sapiens, then what were the “daughters?”

The Startling Secret: Who Were the Daughters of Men?

 Daughters of Men: Neanderthal woman.
Neanderthal woman, how modern artists think she may have looked 40,000 years ago. Photo courtesy Natural History Museum, © PS Plailly/E Daynes/Science Photo Library.

I love a good puzzle. Genesis seems to be full of them. Perhaps none is more enigmatic than the “daughters of men” mentioned in Genesis 6. Here it is, again:

“And it came to pass, when men began to multiply on the face of the earth, and daughters were born unto them. That the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose” (Genesis 6:1–2, KJV).

Biblical scholars have given a few answers to this question. Traditional Jewish scholars relate that the “daughters” were human females who had sex with angels (the “sons of God”). I find this rather dubious. First of all, the idea that angels have the sexual equipment required to perform this act seems odd. Everything about God, heaven and angels seems to be non-physical—spiritual. Jesus seems to emphasize this point when he tells his enemies that they will not meet up with their spouses in heaven, but will be as the angels (who don’t take wives).

Christian scholars interpret the daughters to be the female offspring of Cain. And Cain, of course, was the evil one who murdered his brother, Abel. They supposedly had sex with the righteous males of Seth’s lineage and bore them children. Could these males be considered that “righteous” if they’re doing the hanky panky with evil women? Come on!

The point of Genesis 6 is to set up the story of Noah’s Flood. Was it a real event? Did it cover the entire planet? If so, then the union of the “daughters” and the “sons” would have to have been something pretty terrible for the Flood to be required as a solution.


Personally, I’ve thought for a long time that there has been much more in Genesis than meets the eye—in other words, hidden wisdom. For instance, I’ve felt that a real timeline lay behind the one found by Archbishop Ussher and so many other biblical scholars. The real timeline is truth and thus has to be compatible with those of science. Science tells us that humanity has been around for at least 200,000 years and that the cosmos is something like 13.7 billion years old. Yet, Ussher’s timeline places the creation of humanity and the universe at 4004 BC.
And the real timeline seems to be there. A timeline that pegs the Flood at 27,970 BC (not Ussher’s 2348 BC), and the creation of Homo sapiens (Adam) at 10,434,130 BC (not 4004 BC).

Okay, let’s say that this new biblical timeline is the real deal. That would mean that the “daughters” existed up to about 28,000 BC.
Voilà! Science tells us that one species ceased to exist about 28,000 BC. That species looked enough like “man” to be called “man.” That species was Homo neanderthalensis—Neanderthal man.

The Real Crime

Daughters of Men: Book cover for The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom.Why would God bring about a worldwide flood because of Neanderthals? Because of the hanky panky, remember? Scientists have already found clues that humans and Neanderthals mated successfully! Why would this be bad? Read Genesis 6, again.

“And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually” (Genesis 6:5).

What was this wickedness? And hasn’t humanity had wickedness for the past several thousand years? What was the difference between “Flood-worthy” wickedness and the garden variety wickedness we modern humans perpetrate?

“And God looked upon the earth, and, behold, it was corrupt; for all flesh had corrupted his way upon the earth” (Genesis 6:12).

All flesh had corrupted God’s way. Could the corruption of flesh be genetic? I doubt there were genetic engineers back then, but all it would take to mess with the human gene pool would be to mate with a compatible species that wasn’t strictly human.

And what was “God’s way” upon the earth? I mention elsewhere that the purpose of it all is the spiritual awakening of God’s children. That’s us!
So, something about Neanderthals mating with Homo sapiens jeopardized God’s plan for our spiritual awakening. For that awakening, we need these Homo sapiens bodies as vessels of stable consciousness, intelligent speech and as a source for civilization. Apparently, Neanderthal did not fulfill those requirements and neither did their hybrid offspring with humans.

When God gave Noah his covenant that he would never again use the Flood, this was a symbol that He was satisfied with the results of the Flood. The Flood had cured humanity of the one wickedness bad enough to warrant the Flood. Neanderthals and their half-human offspring are gone.

Rod Martin, Jr.
The Bible’s Hidden Wisdom

This article was originally published 2011:1101 on forum.